Working Paper Saturday, Jun 15 2013 

1. “Inflows of Portfolio Investment to Indonesia: Anticipating the Challenges Facing the Management of Macroeconomy,” ISEAS Working Paper on Economic and Finance, No. 2, March 1996.

2. “An Empirical Examination of the Stock Market Returns in Selected Asia-Pacific Economies in the Pre- and Post-Financial Reform Period,” ISEAS Working Paper on Economic and Finance, No. 1, March 2001.

3.         “A Survey of Financial Integration in East Asia: How Far? How Much Further To Go?” (with T. Cavoli and R. Rajan), the Center for International Economic Studies Working Paper, 04-01, the School of Economics,University of Adelaide,Australia, January 2004.

4. “Interest Spreads and Mandatory Credit Allocations: Implications on Bank Loans to Small Businesses in Indonesia,” the Center for International Economic Studies Working Paper, 04-02, the School of Economics,University of Adelaide,Australia, January 2004.

5.         “Exchange Rate Policy and Foreign Exchange Reserve Management in Indonesiain the Context of East Asian Monetary Regionalism,” (with R. Rajan), the Center for International Economic Studies Working Paper, 04-03, the School of Economics,University of Adelaide,Australia, August 2004.

7. “Incidences of Speculative Attacks on Rupiah during the Pre and Post-1997 Financial Crisis,” Center for International Economic Studies Working Paper, 05-04, theSchool ofEconomics,University of Adelaide,Australia, May 2005.

8.“Models of Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates Revisited: A Selective Review of the Literature,” (with R. Rajan), Center for International Economic Studies Working Paper, 06-04, the School of Economics,University of Adelaide,Australia, April 2006.

9. “Intervention Index and Post-Crisis Exchange Rate Regimes of Selected East-Asian Economies,” (with V. Pontines), June 2008.

10. “Economic Shocks and the Role of Exchange Rate in Indonesiaand Thailand,” (with S. Goo), The SEACEN Centre Staff Paper,  no. 72, September 2009.

11. “Effectiveness and Commitment To Inflation Targeting Policy: Evidences From Indonesia and Thailand”, (with S. Goo), The SEACEN Centre Staff Paper, no. 73, September 2009.

12. “The Role of Central Banks in Sustaining Economic Recovery and in Achieving Financial Stability”, (with Lim C.S., Vincent), The SEACEN Centre Staff Paper, no. 74, February 2010.

13. “The US Sub-prime Crises and Extreme Market Pressures in Asia,” (with V. Pontines and N. M.Hussain), The SEACEN Centre Staff Paper, no. 75, June 2010.

14. “Flexible Exchange Rate under Inflation Targeting Regimes: Evidences from Four East and Southeast Asian Countries”, ( with V. Pontines), The SEACEN Centre Staff Paper,  no. 77, August 2010.

15. “Asymmetrical Exchange Rate Policies in East and Southeast Asia: The Role of Chinese Reminbi,” (with Victor Pontines), The SEACEN Centre Staff Paper,  no. 78,  October  2010.

16. “Living with Macro-financial Linkages: Policy Perspectives and Challenges for SEACEN Countries (with Lim, C.S. Vincent), The SEACEN Centre Staff Paper, no. 79, January 2011.

17. “Post Global Financial Crisis: Issues and Challenges for Central Banks of Emerging Markets” (with Lim C.S. Vincent and Victor Pontines), The SEACEN Centre Staff Paper, no. 80,  February  2011.

18. “The Concepts of Equilibrium Exchange Rate: A Survey of Literature”, The SEACEN Centre Staff Paper, no. 81, April 2011.

19. “Cross-border Bank Lending to Selected SEACEN Economies: An Integrative Report” (with Victor Pontines),  The SEACEN Centre Staff Paper, no. 82,   June 2011.
20. “Real Sector Propagation of the Recent Global Financial Crisis: An Integrative Report”  (with C.S. Lim, Vincent), The SEACEN Centre Staff Paper, no. 83, July 211.
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Biodata Wednesday, Dec 2 2009 

Present Positions

– Lead Economist and Group Head, ASEAN+3 Macroeconomic Research Office (AMRO), Singapore

– Affiliate Associate Professor, School of Economics, University of Adelaide, Australia, since 2009

International Advisor, Journal of Southeast Asian Economies, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore, since June 2013

Associate Editor, Singapore Economic Review, since May 2002.

Member of International Board of Referees, Journal Ekonomi & Bisnis Indonesia (Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business), Faculty of Economic and Business, University of Gadjah Mada, Indonesia, since October 2008.

Council Fellow, the East Asian Economic Association, since April 2005.

Research Associate, the Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis (CAMA), the Australian National University, since November 2005.

E-Mail:

rezasiregar@yahoo.com

Degrees:

PhD (Economics), Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA (1994)

MA (Economics), Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA (1992)

BA (Economics & Mathematics) with Cum Laude, Boston University, Boston,

Massachusetts, USA (1989)

Research Interests:

Open and Development Macroeconomics; Monetary Economics; International

Finance & Trade; and Applied Time-Series Econometrics.

Teaching and Supervision Wednesday, Dec 2 2009 

Courses:

Undergraduate (School of Economics): 1). Macroeconomics I and II; 2). International Finance III;
3). Money and Banking;

Honours (School of Economics): 1). International Finance; 2). International Trade; and 3). Topics in Time-Series Econometrics.

Graduate (School of Economics and Graduate Business School): 1). Money and Banking; 2). Managerial Economics for MBA program; 3). East Asian Economies; and 4). Challenges Facing Economic Policy Makers.


Teaching Award

Nominated by the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences of the National University of Singapore for the Outstanding Educator’s Award of 2000-2001.


Ph.D Supervision

1). Si Wei Goo: “Issues on the Monetary Policy and the Exchange Rate Policy of East Asian Countries during the post-1997 financial and currency crisis”, awarded in August 2008. Present position: Economist at the Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Canberra, Australia.

2). Victor C. Pontines, “Currency Crises, Exchange Rate Regimes and Contagion”, awarded in February 2006. Present position: Lecturer, Carnegie Mellon University, H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Economic, Adelaide, Australia

Selected Past Workshop and Seminars Wednesday, Dec 2 2009 

1). Institutional Change in Southeast Asia in the Wake of the Asian

Crisis, co-organized by Department of Economics, National University of

Singapore and Stockholm School of Economics, (Singapore: June 2000)

2). Financial Markets and Policies in East Asia, co-organized by Asia

Pacific School of Management, Australian National University & IMF Regional

Office for Asia and Pacific (Canberra: September 4-5, 2000).

3). The 2001 Far Eastern Meeting of the Econometrics Society, (Kobe,

Japan: July 20-22, 2001)

4). Current Economic Policy Issues in Asia and Europe, co-organized by

Department of Economics, National University of Singapore and School of

Economics, University of Nottingham, April 12 and 13, 2002

5). The 2002 Australian Conference of Economists, (Adelaide, South

Australia: September 30 – October 3, 2002)

6). The 2003 Western Economic Association International (Pacific Rim

Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, January 9-12, 2003)

7). Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore (January 13, 2003).

8). Australian National University, Research School of Pacific and Asian

Studies, Canberra (July 1, 2003)

9). Lender of Last Resort Function of the Central Bank: Lessons and

Implications for Indonesia, Jakarta (5 August 2003).

10). The 8th Australasian Macroeconomics Workshop 2003, Hong Kong

Institute for Monetary Research, Hong Kong SAR, September 22, 2003.

11). The 9th Australasian Macroeconomics Workshop 2004, co-organized

by Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis (CAMA), Research School of

Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University, and The Australian

Commonwealth Treasury, Canberra, 15-16 April 2004.

12). The EcoMod, International Conference on Policy Modeling, at the

University of Paris I – Pathéon – Sorbonne, Paris, June 30 – July 2, 2004.

13). The Australasian Meeting of Econometrics Society, 7-9 July 2004,

Melbourne, Australia.

14). The Fifth Joint Symposium on “Competition Policy, Information

Economics, and International Economics” organized by the National

University of Singapore and University of Melbourne, 16-17 September 2004,

Singapore.

15). The Policy Research Workshop on Financial Markets and

Integration in East Asia, co-organized by the Asia Pacific School of

Economics and Government at the Australian National University and the

Singapore Management University, in Singapore, 14-15 October 2004.

16). The 9th International Convention of the East Asian Economic

Association, to be held at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, 13-14

November 2004.

17). The First Annual Academic Seminar in Economics organized by The

Graduate Program in Economics, The Faculty of Economics, University of

Indonesia, and the Indonesian Economic Society, Jakarta, 8-9 December

2004.

18). Australian National University, Research School of Pacific and

Asian Studies, Canberra (June 14, 2005)

19). The First Asia Pacific Economic Association Conference, held at

Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo, Japan on July 30-31, 2005.

20). Asia Pacific Division Weekly Seminar, the International Monetary

Fund, Washington, D.C., October 19, 2005.

21). Bank for International Settlement, Asia-Pacific Office, Hong Kong,

April 10, 2006.

22). The 11th Australasian Macroeconomics Workshop 2006, Jointly

Organized by the School of Economics, Faculty of Commerce and

Economics, University of New South Wales and the Reserve Bank of

Australia, Sydney, April 20-21, 2006.

23). Seminar Series of the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy,

National University of Singapore, October 27, 2006.

24). Weekly Seminar Series of the Economic Growth Centre, Division of

Economics, School of Humanities & Social Sciences, Nanyang Technological

University, Singapore, March 28, 2007.

25). Conference on “Intra-Asian FDI Flows: Magnitude, Trends,

Prospects and Policy Implications” organized by the Indian Council for

Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER), 25-26 April

2007, New Delhi, India.

26). Singapore Economic Review Conference, 2-4 August 2007,

Singapore.

27). Conference organized by the SCAPE of the National University of Singapore and EBER of the Australian National University, October 2007, Singapore.

28).Monetary and Financial Issues in Economic Integration in Asia, conference organized by the school of Economics, University of Adelaide, the Centre for Regulation and Market Analysis, University of South Australia, and the Heinz School of Canergie Mellon University, Australia, 4 August 2008, Adelaide, Australia.

29). Asian Economic Panel Conference on ‘The World in Crisis: National Strategies in an Interdependent World’, Jakarta, Indonesia, March 22-23, 2009.

 30). Stimson Center-Singapore Institute of International Affairs Workshop on Global Economic Crisis: Consequences and Responses in Asia and the Middle East, October 8-9, 2009, Singapore.

 31). Linkages between Real and Financial Aspects of Economic Integration in East Asia, research project funded by the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA)  and held at the Crawford School of Public Policy, the Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, November 30, 2009.

 32). ERIA Workshop Program, “Linkages between Real and Financial Aspects of Economic Integration in Asia”, Singapore, February 28th – March 1st, 2010.

 33). Banking Regulation and Financial Stability in Asia Emerging Markets, organized jointly by the Asian Development Bank Institute, the Brookings Institution, the International Monetary Fund and the China Banking Regulatory Commission in May 26, 2010, Beijing, The People’s Republic of China.

 34). The 30th anniversary of Taiwan Academy of Banking and Finance (TABF) —as one of the Key Note Speakers — inTaipe, Taiwan, June 29, 2010.

 35). Macroeconomic and Financial Stability in Asia Emerging Markets, organized by Bank Negara Malaysia and the Asian Development Bank Institue (ADBI), in Kuala Lumpur, August 4, 2010.

 36). The 12th International Convention of the East Asian Economic Association, Convention Theme: “Asia and the Global Economic Recovery”, Seoul, Republic of Korea, October 2-3, 2010.

Scholarship and Research Grants Wednesday, Dec 2 2009 

1. The URG Research Grant from the School of Economics, University of Adelaide, February 2005.

2. The URG Research Grant from the School of Economics, University of Adelaide, May 2004.

3. Teaching Assistant Scholarship from Department of Economics, Brown University, from September 1991 to May 1992.

Publications Wednesday, Dec 2 2009 

2014

1. “How Should We Bank with Foreigners? An Empirical Assessment of Lending Behaviour of International Banks to Six East Asian Economies”, Intrenational Review of Economics and Finance, (with V. Pontines), 29, pp.552-568.

2. “Do Asian Countries Fear Appreciation Against Renminbi?” (with V. Pontines) in eds. by J. Corbett and X. Ying, Rebalancing Economies in Financially Integrating East Asia, Routledge. (forthcoming).

3. “International Bank Claims to East Asian Economies: Stabilizers or Destabilizers” (with V. Pontines) in eds. by J. Corbett and X. Ying, Rebalancing Economies in Financially Integrating East Asia, Routledge. (forthcoming).

2013

1. “Managing Global Banks amidst Market Uncertainties”, Bao Review, No. 4, April, pp.50-51.

2. “Inflationary Implication of Gold Price in Vietnam”, (with Thi Kim Cuc Nguyen), CAMA Working Papers 2013-20, Australian National University, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, May 2013 (http://cama.anu.edu.au).

3. “Living with Interconnected Banking Sectors during the Period of Global Financial Market Uncertainties: Experiences of East and Southeast Asia”, Journal of Advanced  Studies in Finance, Vol. IV, Issue 1 (7), Summer, pp. 32-61.

2012

1. “Fear of Appreciation in East and Southeast Asia: The Role of the Chineses Renminbi”, Journal of Asian Economics, 23 (2012), pp. 324-334  (with V. Pontines).

2. “Flexible Exchange Rate under Inflation Targeting Regimes: Evidences from Four East and Southeast Asian Countries”, Review of International Economics, (with V. Pontines),Vol. 20, No.5, pp. 893-908.

3. “How Should We Bank with Foreigners? An Empirical Assessment of Lending Behaviour of International Banks to Six East Asian Countries”, (with Victor Pontines), Center for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis (CAMA) Working Paper No.4, the Australian National University, February 2012 (http://cama.anu.edu.au).

4. “Exchange Rate Appreciation, Capital Flows and Excess Liq uidity: Adjustment and Effectiveness of Policy Responses”, edited by V. Pontines and R. Siregar, The South East Asian Central Bank (SEACEN) Research and Training Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

5. “Episodes of Large Exchange Rate Appreciations and Reserve Accumulations in Selected Asian Economies: Is Fear of Appreciation Justified?” (with V. Pontines), in eds. by V. Pontines and R. Siregar, Exchange Rate Appreciation, Capital Flows and Excess Liquidity: Adjustment and Effectiveness of Policy Responses, The South East Asian Central Bank (SEACEN) Research and Training Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

6. “How Should We Bank with Foreigners? An Empirical Assessment of Lending Behaviour of International Banks to Six East Asian Economies” (with V. Pontines), in eds. by V. Pontines and R. Siregar, Exchange Rate Appreciation, Capital Flows and Excess Liquidity: Adjustment and Effectiveness of Policy Responses,The South East Asian Central Bank (SEACEN) Research and Training Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

7. “Trade Financing and Export Performance: Experiences of Indonesia, Korea and Thailand”, in eds. Shandre A. Thangavelu and Aekapol Chongvilaivan, Real and Financial Integration in Asia, Routledge, UK.

8. “Export Credit and Export Performance: The Experience of Indonesia” (with Anton H. Gunawan), in eds. Shandre A. Thangavelu and Aekapol Chongvilaivan, Real and Financial Integration in Asia, Routledge, UK.

2011

1. “Macro-Prudential Approaches to Banking Regulation: Perspectives of Selected Asian Central Banks”, in Masahiro Kawai and Eswar Prasad (eds.), Asian Perspectives on Financial Sector Reforms and Regulation, Brookings Institution Press , pp. 101-137, Washington, D.C., USA.

2. “International and Cross-Border Bank Lending and Implications in SEACEN Economies: Balance Sheet Perspective”,  Reza Y Siregar and Victor Pontines (eds), The South East Asian Central Bank (SEACEN) Research and Training Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

3. “Real Sector Propogation of the Recent Global Financial Crisis”, Reza Y Siregar and C.S. Lim, Vincent (eds), The South East Asian Central Bank (SEACEN) Research and Training Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

2010

1. “The Role of Central Banks in Sustaining Economic Recovery and in Achieving Financial Stability”, (with Vincent Lim), Journal of Advanced Studies in Finance, Vol.1, Issue 1(1), pp.83-99.

2. “Determinant of International Bank Lending from the Developed World to East Asia”, (with Choy Keen Meng), the IMF Staff Papers, Vol. 57, No.2, pp.484-516.

3. “Effectiveness and Commitment to Inflation Targeting Policy: Evidences from Indonesia and Thailand”, (with Siwei Goo), Journal of Asian Economics, Vol.21, pp.113-128.

2009

1. “In the Midst of Global Financial Slowdown: The Indonesian Experience”, (Willeam Wiranto), the Indonesian Quarterly, Vol.37, No.4, pp. 399-421.

2. “Navigating Policy Responses at the National Level in the Midst of the Global Financial Crisis: The Experience of Indonesia”, (with M.C. Basri), Asian Economic Papers, vol. 8(3), pg.1-35, October.

3. “Sample Period, Heteroscedasticity Assumption, and Contagion Measurement: MS-VAR Application on DCC Procedure”, (with Victor C. Pontines), Applied Financial Economics, vol 19, Issue 9, May, pp. 745-752.

4. “Survey of Recent Development”, (with Anton H. Gunawan), Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Vol.45, No. 1, April, pp.7-36.

5. “Examining the Case for an Asian Reserve Pool”, (with Graham Bird and Ramkishen S. Rajan), in ed. Ramkishen S. Rajan, Exchange Rates, Currency Crisis and Monetary Cooperation in Asia, Palgrave MacMillan, New York, pp.193-214.

2008

1. “Outward Investment Surge in the Midst of Weak Inward Investment: Perspectives from the Indonesian Experience during the post-1997 Financial Crisis” (with Anton H. Gunawan), in. R. Kumar, R. Rajan and Nicola Virgill (eds), New Dimensions of Economic Globalization: Surge of Outward Foreign Direct Investment from Asia, World Scientific Press, May, pp.285-314.

2. “Fundamental Pitfals of Exchange Market Pressure-Based Approaches to Identification of Currency Crises” (a lead article with Pontines, V), International Review of Economics & Finance, vol.17, no.3, pp.345-365.

3. “Inflation Targeting Policy: The Experiences of Indonesia and Thailand”, (with Siwei Goo), Center for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis (CAMA) Working Paper No.23, the Australian National University, July 2008 (http://cama.anu.edu.au).

2007

1. “The Yen, The US dollar and The Trade-Weighted Basket of Currencies: Does the choice of anchor currencies matter in identifying incidences of speculative attacks against selected key Southeast Asian currencies?” (with Pontines, V), Japan and the World Economy, Vol. 19, Issue 2, March, pp. 214-235.

2006

1. “The Yen, The US dollar, and The Speculative Attacks Against the Thailand Baht”, (with Victor Pontines) in ed. Vandana Shajan, Foreign Institutional Investment: Issues and Challenges, the Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts (ICFAI) University Press, India, December, pp. 152-181.

2. “Identifying and Dating the Episodes of Speculative Pressures against the Singapore Dollar”, ( a lead article with Pontines, V.), Singapore Economic Review, Vol. 51, No. 2, pg. 113-133.

3. “Designing Financial Safety Net Structures in Indonesia: Selected Lessons and Challenges”, (with William, E.J.), ASEAN Economic Bulletin, Vol. 23, No.1, April, pp 98-113.

2005

1. “Interest Rate Policy and Its Implication of the Banking Restructuring Programs in Indonesia during the 1997-financial crisis: An Empirical Investigation”, in F. Sjoholm and J. Tongzon (eds), Institutional Change in Southeast Asia, Routledge Press, pp. 72-90.

2. “Sources of Variation Between the Inflation Rates of Korea, Thailand and Indonesia During The Post-1997 Crisis”, (with Rajaguru, G), Journal of Policy Modelling, Vol. 27, Issue. 7, October, pp. 867-884.

3. “Examining the Case for Reserve Pooling in East Asia” (with Bird, G., and Rajan, R), Asia Pacific Journal of Economic and Business, Vol. 9, No.1, June, pp. 21-39.

4. “Base Money and Exchange Rate: Sources of Inflation in Indonesia during the Post-1997 Financial Crisis”, (with Rajaguru, G), Journal of Economic Integration, Vol. 20, No. 1, March, pp.185-215.

2004

1. “Centralized Reserve Pooling For the ASEAN + 3 countries” in Monetary and Financial Integration in East Asia, (with R. Rajan), McMillan Press for the Asian Development Bank, pp. 285-329.

2. “Misalignment of the Baht and its Trade Balance Consequences for Thailand in the 1980s and 1990s”, (with Rajan, R and Sen, R), The World Economy, Vol. 27, Issue.7, July, pp. 985-1012.

3. “Impacts of Exchange Rate Volatility on Indonesia’s Trade Performance in the 1990s”, (with Rajan, R), Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Vol. 18, Issue 2, pp. 218-240.

2003

1. “Estimating Singapore’s Natural Equilibrium Exchange Rate in the 1990s” in R. Rajan (ed), Sustaining Competitiveness in the New Global Economy: A Case Study of Singapore, (with R. Rajan), Edward Elgar (UK), pp.251-266.

2. “Singapore and The New Regionalism: Bilateral Trade Linkages with Japan and the US”, (with Rajan, R. and Sen, R.), The World Economy, Vol.26, Issue 9, September, pp. 1325 – 1356.

3. “Why Was There A Pre-Crisis Capital Inflow Boom in Southeast Asia?” ( a lead article with Rajan, R and Sugema, I), Journal of International Development, Vol.15, 3, pp 265 – 390.

2002

1. “Private Capital Flows in East Asia: Boom, Bust and Beyond”, in Gordon. De Brouwer ed., Financial Markets and Policies in East Asia, (with R. Rajan), Routledge Press, pp. 47-81.

2. “Sustainable Exchange Rate Policy Management in Singapore: 1983-1998” in Chng Meng Kng, Hui Weng Tat, Koh Ai Tee, Lim Kim Lian and Bhanoji Rao eds., Singapore Economy in the 21st Century: Issues and Strategies, (with D. Lu), McGraw-Hill Book Co, pp. 425-442.

3. “Post Crises Exchange Rate Regime in Southeast Asia: to Peg or Not to Peg”, in M. Ikhsan, C. Manning and H. Soesastro (eds), 80 Tahun Mohamad Sadli; Ekonomi Indonesia di Era Politik Baru , PT Kompas Media Nusantara (June).

4. “Choice of Exchange Rate Regime: Currency Board (Hong Kong) or Monitoring Board (Singapore)?” (with Rajan, R), Australian Economic Papers, Vol.41, No.4, December, pp.538-556. —This paper was the fourth downloaded most frequently from the Australian Economic Papers in 2004.

5. “Exchange Rate Volatility, Trade & “Fixing for Life” in Thailand”, (with Rahmatsyah, T., and Rajaguru, R), Japan and the World Economy, Vol 14, No.4, December, pp.445-470.

6. “Hong Kong, Singapore and the East Asian Crisis: How Important Were Trade Spillovers?” (with Rajan, R and Sen, R), The World Economy, Vol 25, No.4, April, pp 503 – 537.

2001

1. “Singapore and Free Trade Agreements: Economic Relations with Japan and the United States”, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore, (with R. Rajan and R. Sen).

2. “Survey of Recent Developments”, Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Vol. 37, No.3, pp. 277-303.

3. “Economic Fundamentals and Managed Floating Exchange Rate Regime in Singapore”, (with Choo, L.Y), Journal of Economic Development, Vol.26, No.1, June, pp.133 – 148.

2000

1. “Monetary Shocks and the Fundamental Determinants of the Real Exchange Rate under the Hong Kong Currency Board”, (a lead article with Walker, C), Asian Economic Journal, Vol. 14 (1), March, pp.1-21.

1999

1. “Management of Macroeconomic Policies in Vietnam” in Rising to the Challenge in Asia: A Study of Financial Markets, Volume 12, Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, Asian Development Bank, pp. 1-17.

2. “Empirical Properties of the Indonesian Rupiah: Testing for Unit-Roots, White-Noise, and Structural Breaks”, Journal of Economic Development, Vol.24, No.2, December, pp.163-176.

3. “Real Exchange Rate Targeting and Inflation in Indonesia: Theory and Empirical Evidence”, Applied Financial Economics, Vol. 9, No. 4, August, pp.329-336.

4. “Social Safety Net Policy in Indonesia: Objectives and Shortcomings”, (with Ananta, A), ASEAN Economic Bulletin, Vol.16, No.3, December, pp.344-359. The paper is listed among the Key Reading List on the Social Safety Net Issues by the World Bank Group: http://www1.worldbank.org/sp/safetynets/publications/search_keyreadings.asp?look_for=Economic+Crises&submit.x=5&submit.y=9

1998

1. “Inflation and Exchange Rate Management in Indonesia”, in Richard Hooley and Zainal Abidin Mahani, eds, Research in Asian Economic Studies, volume 8, JAI Press, Greenwich, Conn, USA, pp.95-112.

1997

1. “ASEAN and KOREA: Trends in Economic and Labour Relations”, (with Singh, D), Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore.

2. “Stimulating Investment and Export through the Exchange Rate and the Monetary Policy”, in The Indonesian Economic Almanac 1997, PT. Khasanah Ekonomi Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

1996

1. “The NATREX Approach to Analyse the Real Exchange Rate Movements, a case of Indonesia”, in Richard Hooley, Anwar Nasution and Mari Pangestu, eds, Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation: Theory and Policy, Volume 7 (Part B), JAI Press, Greenwich, Conn, USA, pp.297-321.

2. “Indonesia: Setting the Stage for Soeharto’s Re-election”, (with Sebastian, L), Southeast Asian Affairs 1996, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, April, Singapore.

1995

1. “ASEAN and KOREA: Emerging Issues in Trade and Investment Relations”, (with Singh, D), Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore.

2. “Manejo de las tasas de cambio en Indonesia”, ASIA PACIFICO 1995, El Colegio De Mexico, April.

3. “Integrasi Tingkat Bunga Domestik dengan Pasar Internasional: Kebijaksanaan dan Implementasi (Integration of Domestic Interest Rate with the International Market Rate: Policy and Implementation)”, Jurnal Keuangan dan Moneter (Journal of Monetary and Finance), Vol.2, No.2, Ministry of Finance, Republic of Indonesia, Jakarta, April.

1994

1. “APEC and Macroeconomic Policy Coordination”, in Indonesian Perspectives on APEC and Regional Cooperation in Asia Pacific, edited by Hadi Soesastro, Centre for Strategic and International Studies, Jakarta, November.

2. “Sustaining High Economic Growth”, The Economic Bulletin, Singapore International Chamber of Commerce, November.

3. Book Review on Indonesian Assessment 1993 – Labour: Sharing in the benefits of Growth. Edited by Chris Manning and Joan Hardjono. Canberra: Australian National University, 1993, ASEAN Economic Bulletin, Vol. 11, No.2, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore, November.

Previous Full Time & Visiting Positions Wednesday, Dec 2 2009 

Full-Time Position:

–  Director of Research and Learning Contents, The South East Asian Central Banks (SEACEN) Research and Training Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, August 2009 – October 2011.

– International Economic Consultant, the International Monetary Fund – Singapore Regional Training Institute, Singapore, August 2006- July 2009.

Senior Lecturer (equivalent to Associate Professor at the North American Universities) at the School of Economics, University of Adelaide, Australia, since January 2005-December 2007.

– – Associate Editor, Singapore Economic Review, 2002 – 2009.

Director of the Centre for International Economic Studies (CIES), School of Economics, the University of Adelaide, October 2004-July 2006. (http://www.adelaide.edu.au/cies/).

Member of Executive Committee (Associate Head) at the School of Economics, University of Adelaide, Australia, January 2005-July 2006.

Member of Post-Graduate Coursework Program Committee at the Faculty of Professions, University of Adelaide, February 2006-July 2006.

Coordinator for Master of Applied Economics (and International) at the School of Economics, University of Adelaide, Australia, October 2002-July 2006.

Member of International Committee at the Faculty of the Professions, University of Adelaide, Australia, March 2004 – July 2005.

Lecturer at School of Economics, University of Adelaide, July 2002 – November 2004.

Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, National University of Singapore, May 1999 – May 2002.

Deputy Director of the Econometrics Study Unit, Department of Economics, National University of Singapore, May 2001 – May 2002.

A member of Graduate Programme Committee, Department of Economics, National University of Singapore, May 2001 – May 2002.

Economist, the Economic Development & Resource Centre, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), Manila, Philippines, June-1997 – February 1999.

Fellow, the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS), Singapore,
April 1994 – April 1996.


Visiting Positions and Short-Term Appointments:

Advisor, the Exchange Rate Policy Evaluation Project, the Independent Evaluation Office (IEO) of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Washington, D.C., May 2006 to July 2006.

Visiting Scholar, the Asia Pacific Division of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Washington, D.C., September 2005 to January 2006.

Visiting Scholar, the Centre for Central Banking Studies at Bank Indonesia, Jakarta, in August 2005.

Visiting Scholar, Institute for Social and Economic Research, University of
Indonesia, Jakarta, February1999 – May 1999.

Visiting Scholar, the Centre for International Economics, Dept of Economics,
University of Maryland at College Park, USA, March 1997 – May 1997.

Visiting Scholar, the Centre for Pacific Basin Monetary and Economic Studies, the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, California, USA, May 1996 – February 1997.

Journal Referee Wednesday, Dec 2 2009 

– The International Economic Journal; the Journal of Asian Economic; Singapore Economic Review; ASEAN Economic Bulletin; Asian Development Review; World Economy; Japan and the World Economy; Journal of Comparative Economics; Australian Economic Papers; Australian Economic Review; Applied Economics; Applied Financial Economics; International Review of Economics & Finance; Economic Record; Geneva Papers; Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions & Money; Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy and Journal of International Money and Finance.

Consultancy Activities (since 2003) Wednesday, Dec 2 2009 

Consultancy works for international agencies: Asian Development Bank (Manila, Philippines); Asia Foundation (Jakarta, Indonesia); USAID (Jakarta, Indonesia); World Bank (Washington, D.C., U.S.A); and International Monetary Fund (Washington, D.C., U.S.A)).

Recent Consultancy Reports:

(1 ). “Interest Spreads and Mandatory Credit Allocations: Implications on Bank

Loans to Small Businesses in Indonesia”, a report for Partnership for

Economic Group (EPG), the United State Agency for International

Development (USAID)-funded project with the Government of Indonesia,

Jakarta, August 2003.

2). “Integrated Supervision of Financial Markets in Indonesia”, a report for

Partnership for Economic Group (EPG), the United State Agency for

International Development (USAID)-funded project with the Government of

Indonesia, Jakarta, August 2003.

3. “Asia’s Investment Slump: Causes and Policy Implications” (with Charles

Kramer, Giovanni Dell’Ariccia, Leif Eskesen, Roberto Guimaraes-Filho,

Kenneth Kang, and Olaf Unteroberdoerster) for the Asia Pacific Division

Department of the International Monetary Fund, Washington, D.C., (February

2006).

4). “Finance and Economic Integration in East Asia” (with Joshua Eizenman),

a Background Paper for the World Bank Project on the Financial Integration in

East Asia” (together with Joshua Eizenman), for the project entitled “The East

Asia Project: Growth, Gravity, and Friction in a Dynamic Region”, the Asia

and Pacific Department of the World Bank, Washington, D.C., (May 2006).

Conference edition was published from the project, entitled: An East Asian

Renaissance: Ideas for Economic Growth, Eds. Indermit Gill and Homi

Kharas, the World Bank, 2006.

5). “The Concepts of Equilbrium Exchange Rate: A Survey of Literature” for

the Independent Evaluation Office of the International Monetary Fund,

Washington, D.C., (June 2006).

6). “An Evaluation of the CGER Approach for Assessing Current Account

Positions and Exchange Rates” for the Independent Evaluation Office of the

International Monetary Fund, Washington, D.C., (July 2006).

7). IMF- Independent Evaluation Report on Exchange Rate Policy (2007)